Created by fermenting plant or non-animal material. It is also known as Hyaluronan - a sugar molecule/carbohydrate that is produced naturally in every cell of the human body, and Sodium Hyaluronate. One of its functions is to bind to water and to lubricate our organs, joints and muscles. Almost half of all Hyaluronic Acid (HA) produced in the body is in our skin, our largest organ. As we age, the body manufactures less HA resulting in drier, less toned and less elastic skin. As that happens, skin begins to show signs of aging, developing fine lines and wrinkles, and appearing less plump and even-toned. HA provides continuous moisture, binding up to 1000 times its weight in water and is a popular, go-to ingredient for effective skin hydration.
First discovered in 1934 by Karl Meyer and John Palmer, scientists at Columbia University, in a cow's eye. In the 1940s Dr. Endre Balaz (also at Columbia), extracted it from rooster combs. Today, it can be produced cruelty free in a lab. Often found in skin fillers, lotions, creams and serums.